Successful ESL Strategies | Teaching Tolerance
, and (2009)Book language as a foreign language — ESL strategies for Indigenous learners. Report. Queensland College of Teachers, Toowong, Queensland.
Co-Teaching Teaching: ESL staff plan and teach with classroom or content area teachers. Instruction integrates ESL and content area standards as well as ESL strategies.
Here are some ideas for ESL teaching strategies that have worked well for myself and many other teachers. They are things I wished I had understood better when I began teaching English.The most basic ESL teaching strategies deal with this. Plan your lessons carefully so as not to overwhelm - or underwhelm - the students, show warmth and interest in your students and their needs [this is especially important when teaching English to children]. Use humor to help the students relax. Give your students a feeling of mastery and accomplishment in the language they can use.Good ESL teaching strategies are ways of helping your learners to learn a language. So how do you learn a language? First the students need to feel positive about learning and the language. This means relaxed, motivated, curious and without any of the negative feelings of anxiety, worry, apathy - at the very least anxiety must be reduced as much as possible, and a positive atmosphere needs to be generated. This is a precondition to learning. Anxiety will put the brakes on learning, and too much anxiety can stop it completely.ESL teaching strategies for beginners are similar to higher level classes, but it's even more important for them to have plenty of opportunities to hear and use English. Teach useful words and chunks of language without caring too much about teaching the grammar. Eventually they will begin to recognize patterns within the language. At this stage it will become more useful to teach the grammar. In fact, even at higher levels it's sometimes good to do this. As long as the students know how to use the language in a given context, then that is enough. Later, when they actually come to study the grammar formally, they will already have some intuitive feel for the language. Any list of ESL teaching strategies should mention the importance of recycling language. It's not enough to rely on the coursebook to do this. The teacher must actively recycle language in the classes, building up on what has been taught and practiced before.Knowing plenty of ESL teaching strategies is very good, but when talking about how to teach ESL, it would be strange not to mention the subject itself- English. Being a native speaker or fluent in English is of course, a good start, but is not enough by itself. If you are a native speaker you will intuitively know when something is right or wrong. As an English teacher you will need to be able to say why, and suggest ways to correct it.